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August 10, 2013

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By Andrea

After the windshield absurd on Ted Hine’s 2017 Subaru Forester, he was abashed aback a dealership quoted $1,400 for a replacement. Safelite AutoGlass, a civic auto bottle adjustment and advancement chain, was cheaper but still decidedly aerial at $910. Hine recalled advantageous $150 as afresh as bristles years ago for a agnate adjustment on his antecedent car, and a adaptable artisan did the job appropriate in his driveway.

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“I’m 74 years old and retired, on a bound anchored income,” Hine said. “I can’t allow $900-plus for a windshield every time a barter about throws a bedrock at me.”

Hine’s Subaru has EyeSight, a apartment of avant-garde disciplinarian abetment systems (ADAS) that includes avant-garde blow admonishing (FCW), automated emergency braking (AEB), lane abandonment admonishing (LDW), and adaptive cruise ascendancy (ACC). EyeSight’s apparatus accommodate a brace of cameras army central the windshield that advice ACC and added accessibility and avant-garde assurance systems, such as AEB, account the ambit from the car to altar ahead. A windshield advancement for Hine’s Subaru now requires bottle that’s added circuitous to manufacture, so the cameras can see clearly. The cameras charge additionally be recalibrated by technicians application big-ticket equipment.

EyeSight is accessible on best new Subarus. The architect isn’t the alone one with this blazon of system. Best new cars and trucks for auction are now accessible with assorted ADAS features.

The upside is that motor cartage are adequate abundant safer. For example, rear-end blow ante in cartage with both FCW and AEB were 46 percent lower than those after these systems, according to a contempo abstraction by the University of Michigan Transportation Analysis Institute in Ann Arbor. The abstraction showed that lane abandonment crashes fell 21 percent for cars with LDW and lane befitting abetment (LKA), and that accepting a advancement camera and added systems, including about-face AEB with rear cantankerous cartage alert, bargain advancement collisions by 81 percent, amid added assurance findings.

The downside is that aliment amount added aback ADAS apparatus are damaged or alike jarred hardly in accessory collisions. That’s because the sensors basic to ADAS usually alive in peripheral, easy-to-damage areas—inside bumpers and windshields, and in ancillary mirrors. So a accessory blow or a absurd windshield can become a above expense.

Consumer Reports believes that all cars should appear accepted with AEB, banal detection, FCW, and BSW. CR experts say that with beneath crashes over time because of the added acceptance of blow abstention systems, drivers should save money, alike if blow adjustment bills are higher.

“Yes, crashes happen, and with ADAS onboard, they could amount added to adjustment today,” says Jake Fisher, CR’s arch administrator of auto testing. “But the blueprint should eventually assignment out in the driver’s favor because as we abate on-the-road mishaps, we’ll save on aliment in the future. We amount accurate assurance systems because they badly abate accessory and added austere crashes.”

CR and added car experts accent that ADAS appearance charge be repaired accurately or assurance systems can become disabled or action break and account alarming errors.

“Most forward-facing cameras acclimated for ADAS are army to the bottle in or about the rearview mirror, and those cameras don’t apperceive breadth they are in affiliation to the glass,” says Jon Cardi, a arch carnality admiral at Safelite AutoGlass. “A minute movement at the windshield could construe to a big absurdity several hundred anxiety avant-garde at artery speeds.”

Not all blow adjustment shops are able to fix ADAS-equipped vehicles, and advice about how to adjustment these cartage isn’t consistently available, creating ambiguity for insurers and adjustment shops.

“We should anticipate abnormally about what constitutes a fender bender,” said Joe Schneider, a KPMG adviser to allowance companies. “Stuff that bodies wouldn’t acquire alike filed a affirmation for in years accomplished [now] has a abstruse basic that affects the assurance and operability of the vehicle.”

“Repair costs acquire been activity up in contempo years as cartage become added big-ticket to repair, so that can be accepted to put burden on allowance premiums,” says Bob Passmore, abettor carnality admiral of auto claims with the American Property Casualty Allowance Association (APCIA). “The achievement is that the technology will abate the cardinal of crashes in the best term, offsetting for the admission in adjustment costs.”

Technology has been evolving at a faster amount than some adjustment shops can accumulate up with in agreement of new accessories and training, says Jeff Evanson, arch operating administrator at Smart Express, a aggregation that provides van-based adaptable arrangement units to blow adjustment shops. “As these systems become added complicated, you’re never activity to be able to use a shade-tree artisan to fix them,” he says.

The development of ADAS represents one of the better accomplish avant-garde in assurance technology aback the addition of airbags in the 1970s and the affirmation in 2012 that all cartage acquire cyberbanking adherence control.

ADAS can beam warnings aback a blow seems imminent, stop a car if the disciplinarian fails to respond, active the disciplinarian aback the agent is swerving out of its lane, beacon the agent aback into its lane, active the disciplinarian to cartage in dark spots, accumulate a disciplinarian from abetment into objects, and advance a safe afterward ambit application adaptive cruise control. The systems accomplish by application an arrangement of sensors agriculture advice about acceleration and ambit into the vehicle’s computer system, which again informs its braking, steering, and agent ascendancy modules.

“Vehicles with ADAS appearance are beneath adequate to crash,” said Matt Moore, arch carnality admiral of the Artery Loss Data Institute (HLDI), a nonprofit that researches agent allowance losses and is allotment of the Allowance Institute for Artery Assurance (IIHS). “Not alone do they anticipate claims for agent damage, some are additionally associated with abbreviation the abundance of actual abrasion accountability claims.”

ADAS technology has trickled bottomward in the accomplished two years from affluence cars into added affordable models. According to AAA, added than 90 percent of new cartage in 2018 had at atomic one ADAS feature. But not all high-tech appearance are safety-critical. And CR’s Fisher says that consumers can try to abate approaching adjustment costs by actuality added careful about options aback affairs a new car.

“There’s accessories that will save you from accepting into a collision,” he says. “But added items, like LED lights and humble tires that amount a lot to adjustment but don’t do abundant for safety, could be avoided.”

ADAS aliment can be placed broadly into three categories: body, glass, and maintenance.

Windshield chips and cracks can be repaired with adhesive to anticipate spider-webbing. But adhesive shouldn’t be acclimated in areas that abode cameras. To assignment optimally, ADAS requires greater bottle accuracy for the cameras. Today’s windshields additionally ability accommodate wiper de-icers and rain sensors, potentially abacus to the adjustment cost. As with added ADAS-related blow repairs, windshield advancement now involves sensor recalibration.

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According to the Auto Care Association, a barter group, shops address that the best accepted aliment are for bumpers, fenders, and doors. Bumpers—which usually abide of a adamantine anatomy with a artificial cover—can abode a host of sensors that can be damaged or misaligned in a low-speed collision.

In the past, accessory bonanza accident could be repaired by bushing scratches and gouges, again spot-painting. But body-filler admixture and beginning acrylic could blemish agent sensors, so some bonanza aliment now crave the added cher advantage of replacing the cover.

“Years ago, there ability be a little nick on it that you would never book a affirmation for,” says Schneider, the allowance aggregation adviser. “Now, that aforementioned nick could crave recalibration of a camera or sensor.”

Damage to headlight and taillight assemblies and ancillary mirrors can be analogously expensive. Ancillary mirrors about accommodate cameras and added cyberbanking parts, such as aflame admonishing lights.

“Ten years ago, our boilerplate adjustment admission was about $1,600,” said Tim Cook, buyer of “A” Auto Anatomy Boutique in the Richmond, Va., area, which is able to assignment on ADAS-equipped cars. “Now, it’s over $4,000. We’re seeing added and added cars declared absolute losses because of the amount of acclimation them.”

Then there are added big-ticket genitalia now added accepted on new vehicles, including large-diameter auto with humble tires that can be added calmly damaged by potholes. LED headlights and taillights are adequate added accepted on cars as customer appeal rises, and acclimation them can run into the assorted bags of dollars for some affluence SUVs.

Some cartage additionally crave sensor calibrations as a allotment of caster alignments so that adaptive cruise ascendancy sensors can assignment properly.

We asked several automakers about the added costs accompanying to blow accident in ADAS-equipped vehicles. They all fatigued the accent of accretion assurance via new technology.

Dominick Infante, administrator of communications for Subaru of America, said it was difficult to appraisal how abundant its EyeSight appearance add to the amount of contrarily archetypal blow work, accustomed the assorted variables circuitous in anniversary crash, including the severity and area of the collision, as able-bodied as the specific ADAS appearance involved. He fatigued that Subaru’s ambition was to abate crashes. Along that line, he said, “Consumers should apprehend and appeal any adjustment ability alive on their Subaru to acquire all all-important ADAS calibrations completed afore acrimonious up the vehicle.”

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“Any aberration from aboriginal accessories Subaru Parts, and the arrangement may not accomplish as intended,” he added.

David Friedman, carnality admiral of advancement at Customer Reports, who was a arch official at the Civic Artery Cartage Assurance Administration, says automakers should assignment harder to accomplish assurance sensors added abiding in crashes and beneath big-ticket to repair. “Now that these analytical assurance systems acquire gone mainstream,” he says, “automakers acquire an added albatross to accomplish abiding consumers can allow to both buy and adjustment them— abnormally aback they’re in almost accessory crashes.”

Finding the appropriate blow adjustment boutique is key for consumers because there are austere assurance implications if a sensor isn’t recalibrated correctly.

Safelite AutoGlass did testing application AEB sensors that were carefully misaligned and begin that cartage collided with targets they were declared to avoid.

“It’s in everyone’s best absorption to see that such recalibration is done, and done properly,” says Passmore, the abettor carnality admiral at the APCIA.

CR experts accent the accent of afterward architect guidelines with ADAS repairs. But they say some shops aren’t able to accommodated this accepted yet.

The Civic Institute for Automotive Account Excellence, an alignment that certifies technicians, told CR it’s developing a credential for adjustment technicians alive on ADAS appearance so that they’ll be competent at diagnosing, repairing, and calibrating equipment. But the aboriginal credentialed tests won’t be accessible until 2021, the accumulation said.

The amount of ADAS adjustment and aliment could abatement over time as added cartage acquire them as accepted accessories and as added adjustment shops acquire the all-important abilities and equipment, says Fisher, CR’s arch administrator of auto testing.

But he and added auto assurance experts say it would be a aberration for consumers to abstain these analytical appearance because of apropos about adjustment costs. “The absolute accumulation will appear from the crashes you didn’t acquire in the aboriginal place,” he says.

Front BumperBasic bonanza repair: $700 to $1,800Sensor and camera replacement(s):  $500 to $1,900Recalibration:  $250 to $600

Front bumpers can authority sensors and cameras that advice accomplish AEB and added ADAS features work. Experts acclaim recalibrating sensors and cameras after accessory collisions, alike if the ADAS accessories doesn’t need to be replaced. Recalibration costs alter by archetypal and the features involved. Cartage with AEB and FCW had 50 percent beneath rear-end collisions, according to a study from the IIHS.

Headlights and TaillightsHalogen assemblies: $200 to $500LED assemblies: $750 to $1,500Recalibration:  $100 to $250

LED headlights and taillights are accessible on added mass-market cars these days, abacus amount aback they’re damaged and need to be replaced. LED headlights accommodate a brighter and added beam pattern, but they don’t necessarily advice you see further bottomward the road, CR’s tests acquire found. “LED headlamp assemblies alter wildly in cost,” says Jill Trotta, carnality admiral of RepairPal’s automotive group. “Some European assemblies can amount as abundant as $3,000 to $5,000.” Only headlight assemblies (not taillights) charge to be recalibrated.

Windshield ReplacementRegular windshield: $300 to $500ADAS-capable windshield: $700 to $1,500Sensor and camera replacement(s): $800 to $1,900Recalibration:  $250

Cameras and alarm sensors that advice AEB and LDW assignment are about army central the windshield. Depending on the blazon of damage, windshield adjustment or advancement can involve sensor and camera advancement and/or recalibration. Cartage with LDW had 21 percent beneath single-vehicle, sideswipe, and head-on crashes with injuries, according to the IIHS-HLDI study.*

Rear BumperBasic bonanza repair: $700 to $1,800Sensor and camera replacement(s):  $1,000 to $2,500Recalibration:  $250 and up

Cameras and sensors for rear AEB, cantankerous cartage assist, and parking abetment alive abaft the rear bonanza and can be damaged in a collision. Cartage with rear AEB (when accumulated with rearview cameras and parking sensors) had 78 percent fewer backup crashes, according to the IIHS-HLDI study.* “Any basic body artisan can do a bonanza repair,” Trotta says. “Now, there’s so abundant tech congenital into the bonanza it takes advanced technicians and arrangement to fix it.”

Side Mirror ReplacementStandard mirrors: $300 to $500Mirrors with ADAS: $1,000 to $2,500Recalibration: $250 and up

Side mirrors can abode BSW indicator lights, but they can be added complex, with camera and video display capabilities. Vehicles with dark atom detection systems had 23 percent fewer lane-change crashes with injuries, according to the IIHS-HLDI study.* 

Figures are based on boilerplate adjustment costs for archetypal cars that consumers ability own, additional some higher-end outliers, according to RepairPal, an absolute accumulation that advance adjustment costs. The abstracts don’t reflect repair costs for some ultra-high-end cartage or for added austere crashes acute added all-encompassing anatomy work. The appraisement is for car, SUV, and light-duty-truck adjustment costs, including genitalia and labor. RepairPal is a CR partner.

*Source: IIHS-HLDI’s “Real-world allowances of blast abstention technologies,” June 2019.

If you’re in the bazaar for a car with ADAS, be abiding to absorb your money on appearance that can action absolute assurance benefits. And if you charge a repair, it ability not be accessible which shops are able to fix these circuitous systems. Here are some key questions to consider.

Should you be alert of affairs a affluence agent aloof off-lease?Yes. Older model-year affluence cartage had ADAS appearance aboriginal and ability be airtight up off-lease by cost-conscious affluence seekers. But the cartage could be added than a few years out of warranty, and you could be attractive at big-ticket aliment for ADAS-related accessories that break bottomward and for added aliment in general.

Should you get an continued assurance to awning high-tech assurance gear?Insurers and added companies action continued bumper-to-bumper warranties that would pay for the breakdown of ADAS accessories and added items in your car, above the approved assurance period. In the accident of a crash, damaged ADAS accessories would be covered as allotment of approved blow insurance, bare any deductible. Blow advantage is about appropriate aback leasing or if you’re still advantageous off a agent loan. If you own the agent absolute and opt out of blow coverage, you could be ashore with big-ticket blow adjustment bills.

How can you acquaint whether a boutique has the accessories to adjustment these systems?Ask your dealership if it can handle the adjustment or if it can acclaim a able adjustment shop. Not all dealerships acquire the accoutrement all-important to adapt ADAS sensors and cameras, but a factory-backed account administration can usually point you in the appropriate direction. You additionally can attending online for manufacturer-recommended blow adjustment shops. Some architect websites acquire a account of certified blow centers, although you ability acquire to dig about for it. If you go with an absolute adjustment shop, analysis online reviews and ask the boutique which certifications it has and whether it can accomplish the all-important aliment and calibrations.

How do the allowances of avant-garde disciplinarian abetment systems analyze with the adjustment costs?If you’re arcade for a car, we acerb acclaim a agent with AEB with banal detection, FCW, and BSW. These systems acquire been apparent to essentially abate rear-end crashes. CR gives added credibility if AEB and FCW appear accepted on all trims of a activated model. Seriously accede whether you should pay added for high-tech accessibility features, such as LED headlights, that ability add to adjustment costs but not necessarily advance safety.

Should you ask for branch parts?If your car is beneath warranty, you should ask for architect genitalia because some manufacturers could abandoned your assurance if assertive aftermarket genitalia are used. If your car is out of warranty, aftermarket or acclimated genitalia can save you money and should accommodate the aforementioned akin of safety. CR believes that to accumulate aliment added affordable, car manufacturers and their associated dealers shouldn’t acquire a cartel on genitalia or adjustment services.

CR Time Traveler

Car Aliment

1940

Our experts abstraction the automated blueprint of added than 60 cars, acquainted that metal and arrangement has added in admeasurement and amount on abounding models, authoritative the agent harder for owners and mechanics to access.

1952

CR introduces a Account Accessibility Rating that reflects how accessible it is to audit a car’s battery, anchor aqueous level, and more. Of V8 cars we rate, a Mercury is best.

1954

With the advice of 24 mechanics, we analysis 15 brands of mechanics’ duke cleaners and soaps. Though all do an adequate job, our testers acquisition chrism cleaners to be hardly above to added types.

1961

As added alien cars cycle into the U.S., we analysis them. A 1961 Volkswagen is the alone CR Best Buy for its “well-behaved mechanism, accomplished finish, and aerial resale value.”

1977

In CR’s address on subcompacts, the Toyota Corolla is acme for predicted adjustment incidence. We additionally agenda that the avant-garde bench is comfortable for abbreviate drivers, but the backseat is cramped.

1987

Using CR’s Annual Questionnaire, we blueprint the adjustment and amount histories of 252 cars. The ’81-’83 Cadillac Eldorado, for example, costs owners at atomic 35 percent added than the boilerplate car model.

1999

In CR’s labs, we use our “hydraulic basher” to bear low-mph impacts to bumpers. A Ford original- to-manufacturer bonanza has alone accessory corrective damage, while a advancement apery one shatters.

2018

In a CR affiliate analysis of car adjustment shops, Jiffy Lube performs 91 percent of agent aliment accurately the aboriginal time.

2020

We investigate aerial adjustment prices on cartage with avant-garde disciplinarian abetment systems.

Editor’s Note: This commodity additionally appeared in the March 2020 affair of Customer Reports magazine.

Consumer Reports has no banking accord with advertisers on this site.

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Consumer Reports is an independent, nonprofit alignment that works ancillary by ancillary with consumers to actualize a fairer, safer, and convalescent world. CR does not endorse articles or services, and does not acquire advertising. Copyright © 2020, Customer Reports, Inc.

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